Cypress is a beautiful and evergreen tree which is grown widely in Iran and it is known as the symbol of strength and freedom in Iranian myths and literature. Cypress trees are seen among the reliefs of the Apadana palace of Persepolis, showing the beliefs and customs of the ancient Iranians. The Persian painters have painted cypress trees in their miniatures and the carpet weavers have weaved this historical motif on their carpets. It is said that the famous Iranian motif “Boteh jeghe” (paisley), which is seen on the Termeh and Pateh textiles, is the changed form of Iranian cypress.
|Cypress trees on a Persian rug. The cypress tree in Persepolis.|
Most of the great Persian poets like Hafiz, Molana and Khayam have wisely used the word cypress as a metaphor in their verses to describe the beauty of their beloved. In the Persian gardens, cypress trees have been planted around the gardens for specifying the area of the garden. The cypress trees in Shiraz, known as the city of historical gardens, are so famous because of being soaring and lofty and they are called Sarv- e Naz (the charming cypress).
|"Boteh jeghe" motif, retrived from cypress tree.|
There are some cypress trees in different cities of Iran which are known to be more than 1000 years old! The oldest one is the cypress of Abarkooh (Sarv- e Abarkooh) in Yazd province which is more than 4000 years old and according to the mythical stories it has been planted by the Zoroaster. Sarv- e Abarkooh is about 25-28 meters high and the perimeter of its trunk is 11.5 meters.
Follow the footprints of the Iranian cypresses on the antique handicrafts and carpets in Iran's National Museum or Iran's Carpet Museum in Tehran, then visit the long standing cypresses of the Shiraz gardens and then visit the great Abarkooh Cypress and the Termeh textiles with "Boteh jeghe" motifs in Yazd province during Uppersia tours such as Iran live trip or Iran tour in style.
|The 4000 year cypress tree of Abarkooh.|