Niavaran is one of the uptown districts of Tehran with the beautiful gardens and fresh air which was the resistance of the last Persian king, Reza Shah Pahlavi and his family. Niavaran palace is a historical and cultural complex which is situated in the northern part of Tehran, Shemiranat and with an area of 9000 square meters and two and half floors building is placed in the north eastern part of Niavaran Garden. The construction of this building began in 1337 by an Iranian designers and architectures and it was completed in 1347. This magnificent mansion dates back to Qajar period and was intended as a summer house and also, the place for entertaining foreign guests and was later change to accommodate for residence of Mohammed Reza shah and his family. The modern style of Niavaran palace was constructed in the second Pahlavi period and now the Palace consists of a series of museums, Ahmad Shahi pavilion, the private library and other historical and cultural attraction including private cinema, the blue hall and Jahan Nama gallery which is opened to the public.
When you enter the Niavaran Garden, the first small building is Kushk-e- Ahmad Shah which was built 100 years ago by Ahmad Shah Qajar as a summer house. This pavilion with two floors, the gabled roof and brick facade decoration is in the middle of Iranian garden.
The most important building in Niavaran complex is Saheb-Qaranihe. This palace was originally ordered by Fathe-Ali-Shah to build and latter another Qajar king, Naser-AL-Din Shah destroyed the previous building and the new magnificent palace was constructed. The reception hall, the tea room and the antiques room and several rooms for playing game and several dining areas are located on the first floor. The upper floor which was belonged to the Mohamad Reza Pahlavi includes full of luxury items that are mostly gifts from foreign government officials.
|Saheb gheraniye, Niavaran Palace, Tehran|