Thursday, April 26, 2018

Persian Carpet


Although designed and woven by anonymous people, often by nomads, carpets are the most captivating and exciting artworks which the Orient has given to the whole world. The word "Farsh", of Arabic origin, meaning "to spread", is related to the primitive function of the mats; to be spread inside the tents of the nomads. The first carpets were made with bamboos and stems of plants which grew in the swamps, later that fabric was covered with animal skins. The next step was to look for a more comfortable and insulating cover for the floor, so a new type of mat was created by interlacing the wool of animals. That was the first step to reach the art of weaving.

Carpet weaving is an art which exists in Iran since ancient times – according to some theories long before the Achaemenids, probably 3000 years BC -. The first evidence is the famous Pazyryk carpet, discovered in 1949 in a grave in the Altai Mountains, in southern Siberia. The tomb in which Pazyryk was found, in good condition due to the ice which had sheltered it for centuries, contained a series of objects from China, the Black Sea and Persia. Pazyryk carpet is 200 by 183 cm, and has 360,000 knots / m². In the opinion of scientists, this carpet was made 500 years before our era in the west or south of Persia.

From the Pazyryk carpet, to the present day, the art of carpet weaving has evolved a lot, parallel to the changes in Iranian history. The milestones which have marked the upward growth of the manufacture of carpets, in quality and quantity, are quite coincident with times of the development of the native Persian cultures, especially under the Safavid dynasty. The Mongol and Timurid invaders re-launched the carpet production with more sumptuous models and exceptional mastery. Since then, Persian carpets have been considered as luxury objects throughout the world. The Persian designs and techniques were copied in China, India, Pakistan, Turkey and some regions of Eastern Europe. There are various types of carpets in Iran. The differences between the carpets are based first on the quality of the material used, then on the number of knots, the design of the pattern, the colors used, the warp and the weft.

Carpet weaving is an art which exists in Iran since ancient times – according to some theories long before the Achaemenids, probably 3000 years BC
Persian Carpet

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Hamadan: Iran's oldest city and one of the oldest in the world


With a bight history and lots of historic remains, the legendary ancient city of Hamadan has been always the breeding ground for business and science. Having a long antiquity and unique left remains suggest that the wonder of Hamedan can be seen in nowhere in the world.
The majestic city of Hamadan is Iran's oldest city and one of the oldest in the world, declared as "the capital of Iranian history and civilization," and regarded as the first capital of the Persian Empire, the Medes. Having lots of historic and cultural centers, Hamedan is known as the fifth city of the country in terms of tourist attractions and the tomb of Avicenna is regarded as its symbol and the symbol of Iran’s history in the world of culture and science. Interesting to know that the city was also one of the magnificent capitals of the country at the time of the Achaemenid, Parthian, Sassanid and Seljuk. Due to its pleasant weather in summer, Uppersia suggests you to put Hamedan in your bucket list.

The majestic city of Hamadan is Iran's oldest city and one of the oldest in the world,
The majestic city of Hamadan is Iran's oldest city and one of the oldest in the world
 

Monday, April 23, 2018

Best Time to Visit Iran


Iran is a land of varying climate with beautiful geological phenomena, which attracts many scientific and adventurous tourists.  Iran is the land of four seasons due to numerous geographical reasons, such as standing in the vicinity of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, the African desert and the Indian Ocean. In addition, other parameters such as vast deserts, high mountains and the existence of two large seas in the north and the south of the country cause Iran to have 3 different kinds of climate. Most of the cities experience hot summers and cold winters with snow being a common feature. Spring and autumn, from April to May and from September to mid-November respectively, are the ideal times to visit Iran and the inland regions when temperatures are pleasant. With over one decade of experience, Uppersia team help you to make the most of your trip and bring unforgettable and heartwarming memories to your home.


Iran is a land of varying climate with beautiful geological phenomena, which attracts many scientific and adventurous tourists.  Iran is the land of four seasons due to numerous geographical reasons, such as standing in the vicinity of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, the African desert and the Indian Ocean.
A happy family visiting Iran in April