Saturday, January 27, 2018

Persian Calendar

The Iranian Solar Calendar, based on astronomical calculations, is one of the longest historical records currently used in Iran. The origin of the Persian calendar dates back to the 11th century when a group of astronomers such as Khayyam, best known today for his poetry especially The Rubaiyat, created the first calendar. Officially used in Iran and Afghanistan, the Solar Hijri calendar is one of the world's most accurate calendar systems.
The Iranian year begins on the day of the vernal equinox - the first day of spring. It consists of 365 days and 12 months of varying lengths which have retained their old Persian names. They are: Farvardin, Ordibehesht, Khordad; Tir, Mordad, Shahrivar; Mehr, Aban, Azar; Dey, Bahman, and Esfand. The first six months are each 31 days, the next five 30 days, and the last 29 except in leap years, when it is 30 days. The solar calendar or Persian calendar is used in everyday function.The lunar calendar or Islamic calendar is not used in the same sense as the solar calendar but essentially Iranian need it to mark religious holidays and the Gregorian calendar is used for world history. You can check the chart below to find out the equivalent of Persian dates in Georgian calendar.
                                                                                                          
Persian month
Start date
duration
Farvardin
21st of March
31
Ordibehsht
21st April
31
Khordad
22 May
31
Tir
22nd Jun
31
Mordad
23rd July
31
Shahrivar
23rd August
31
Mehr
23rd September
30
Aban
23rd October
30
Azar
22nd November
30
Dey
2nd  December
30
Bahman
21st Jan
30
Esfand
20th February
29





























The Iranian year begins on the day of the vernal equinox - the first day of spring. It consists of 365 days and 12 months of varying lengths which have retained their old Persian names. They are: Farvardin, Ordibehesht, Khordad; Tir, Mordad, Shahrivar; Mehr, Aban, Azar; Dey, Bahman, and Esfand.
Persian Calendar

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