Situated about 15 km east of the city of Orumieh, Lake Urmia is the largest lake in the country after the Caspian Sea. This endorheic salt lake, with a surface area of 4,868 km2, is elongated from northwest to southwest and has 102 islands. The maximum depth barely reaches 20 meters, although it varies depending on the time of year. Due to its biological wealth - its waters are visited by 186 species of birds so it is the best place for birdwatching in Iran- and because of the special environmental conditions, it is considered one of the ecosystems in serious need of protection for its delicate balance. Lake Urmia is considered a World Natural Reserve by UNESCO and also protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment. It is said that the mud which is formed on the beaches and under the waters, has therapeutic properties. One of the attractions of Lake Urmia is a mushroom rock, called Mosht-e Osman.
|Lake Urmia in Iran|