Situated 28 km west of Kashán, Niasar is an oasis surrounded by orchards and almond trees. Taking advantage of natural caves, some artificial caves were excavated in the gardens in the northern area of the town. Raees Cave or Surakh Veis are the names given to the caverns by the locals. These excavations were to build a temple for Mitra, the ancient Iranian goddess. The construction of the temple dates back to the 3rd or 2nd century B.C., during the early times of the Parthian Empire. A millstone is notable in the deepest cave which had been used during ceremonies and rituals of sacrifice. The main entrance to the cave was destroyed by the earthquake in 1980.
At the highest point of the village stand the remains of a fire temple built during the Sassanid period. The building is 14×14 meters and forms a chamber covered by a dome. Niasar is famous for its rosewater and rosewater ceremony is held in this town every spring. The Niasar waterfall is located at the entrance of the historic complex. Its slopes are covered by lush and beautiful plants and marvelous eye-catching textures such as stalactites and stalagmites were created due to the phenomena of dissolution of limestone by the underground flow of water over the centuries in the cascade.
|City of Niasar in Isfahan Province, Iran