“Mashq square” or Parade square is one of Tehran’s historical squares. This area has been a vast military square, with approximately 400 meters width and 400 meter length and a casern at the center, where the army could do maneuvers and military exercises in front of the king.
This field was founded during Qajar era, while Fath-ali shah was the king (1797-1834 (and it got developed during Naser-eddin shah’s kingdom. A high brick wall and governmental buildings were constructed around the field. In 1922 the former municipality of Tehran changed this military field into a big garden and park and the title “Mashq square" changed to “Bagh-melli” (national garden).
Today, “Mashq square” is considered as a collection of historical monuments and museums, giving visitors an overview about Iran’s political and social situation during Qajar era. Some of them will be mentioned in the following:
National gate (sardar-e-bagh-melli): This monument is famous because of its interesting constructional and external design, which is a combination of Iranian and European architecture with tile works showing Persian eslimi margins, paintings and religious verses in white, yellow, pink and Persian blue on top of the arc. This gate used to be the city symbol for Tehran before Azadi tower.
National jewelry museum: A treasurable collection of most valuable Iranian jewelries, related to different eras like Safavid, Afshar, Qajar and Pahlavi is kept in this museum. Jewelry pieces like Naderi paisley, a marvelous piece of diamond named Daryaye-nour (a bright sea), the jewel globe and Farah Pahlavi’s crown are some of the most precious objects available in National jewelry museum.
Tehran post and communication museum: First Iranian postage stamps that were printed during Qajar era and 7300 more stamps from Iran and countries, horse carts used in delivering mails, first telegraph sets and first telephones are kept in this museum.
Iran’s national museum: It is known as the most important museum of Iran, including The Ancient Museum of Iran and The Islamic Museum of Iran. 300,000 objects, including pottery vessels, metal objects, textile remains, coins and rare books, dating back to ancient and Islamic era are kept in National museum of Iran.
Most of Iran tours, Operated by Uppersia travel are started in Tehran, which is known as the city of museums. So you will have the time for visiting this historical square in Tehran, during your Iran tour.
|Iran's national museum.|
|The beautiful entrance gate of "bagh-melli".|