Tuesday, October 4, 2016

The wonderful Treasury of National Jewels.

The Treasury of National Jewels of Iran, also known as the National Jewels Museum, is an incomparable collection of precious and stunning jewels collected over centuries. This museum, which is one of the most important attractions of Iran, is located on Ferdowsi Street in Tehran and it is owned by Central Bank of Iran. These fantastic jewels are a part of Iran’s culture and history and they have survived wars and robberies.

The kings of Safavid dynasty started to collect the precious jewels in Iran and bought new jewels from India, Ottoman and Europe to decorate their capital, Isfahan. When Mahmoud Afghan occupied Iran during Afsharid dynasty, he plundered the treasury and sent it to India. Nader Shah, King of Afshari dynasty, campaigned to India and took back the collection, but many of the jewels were lost on the way back. After Nader shah was murdered in 1747 B.C, the treasure was plundered once again and the legendary Kuh- e Nur, which is one of the world’s biggest pieces of diamond, got locked in Tower of London. Today this collection, which was promoted by Qajar and Pahlavi rulers, is kept in the Central bank of Iran and the shiny Kuh-e Nur is back home!

The Kuh- e Nur diamond.

Farah Pahlavi’s crown is about 1.5 kilograms and it is ornamented with diamond, ruby and pearl.

Farah Pahlavi's stunning crown.
Mina jar, made during the 18th century, is coated with enamel and delicate margins of flowers and portraits of women.

The beautiful jar coated with enamel.
Takht-e Tavoos is the throne of Fath Ali Shah (the Qajar king) and it was made of gold and thousands of gemstones. This throne was named Tavoos in honor of the king’s wife with the same name.

Takht- e Tavoos (Tavoos throne).
Nader’s paisley is about 133 grams and in is covered with pieces of shiny diamonds and emeralds.

Nader's paisley ant its stunning emeralds.
Reza shah’s cape is made of handmade silk textile with paisley margins and big pearls. Reza shah and his son, both wore this cape for their coronation ceremony.

The silk cape of Reza Shah.
The jewel globe is about 37 kilograms and it is covered with 51366 pieces of gemstones, including diamond, ruby and garnet.

The jewel globe.


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