5000 years ago during Bronze Age, Shahr- e Sukhte (the burnt city) was built on the bank of Helmand River in Sistan (South East of Iran) which had been a fertile land with plenty of water. This metropolitan was constructed 2000 years before Achaemenians built Persepolis and 1000 years before Elamites constructed Choqazanbil! The remains of this city are so precious to the world and they give a lot of information about mankind’s development during millenniums and that is why this ancient area has been registered as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
They built the walls of this city with mud bricks, considering principals of urban architecture and embedded earthen pipes under the ground as the sewage system that has been discovered by archeologists. These people, whose race is not identified, were busy with industrial and artistic activities. Making jewels with gold and blue azure stones, pottery, weaving textiles and wicker and fishing in Helmand River and Hamoun Lake were the activities these people were busy with.
|The remains of Shahr- e sukhte.|
So much information has been obtained by the discoveries done in the 2500 graves of this city’s cemetery:
The people used to put clay dishes in the grave with the corpse. These pots may have been containing food or precious jewelry according to the ancient belief that the dead might need food and precious stuff.
The residents of Shahr- e Sukhte have been so bright and intelligent. An artificial eyeball made of bitumen paste have been discovered beside a woman’s body remain in one of the graves. The surface of the eyeball is covered with a thin layer of gold and two tiny holes have been noticed on the skull, through which a golden thread may have been passed in order to hold the eyeball and the signs of practical brain surgery have been noted on another skull belonging to a girl.
|The goblet of Shahr- e Sukhte.|
This great metropolitan was home to mankind for 1400 years during four main periods and it was abandoned on 1800 BC, maybe because of conflagrations or the changes of climate.
Visiting Shahre- e Sukhte gives you a weird feeling and takes you back to 5000 years ago. Ask Uppersia travel to arrange visiting this fabulous ancient site for you during your Iran tour. The best time to visit this site is during March to April and also November to December.